Indigenous Communities have a wealth of geospatial knowledge, which is typically encoded in oral traditions and livelihood practices. For example, the knowledge of medicinal plants and forest resources, the use of specific plants are passed on from generation to generation. The location of such resources and their availability are important for the lives and livelihood of tribal communities. Furthermore, the livelihood of different tribal communities depends on each other as well. For example, the Mohli tribes that are non-farming communities, provide bamboo craft utilities for Santhal communities, and thus the location of consumers of their craft is critical for their survival.
In this chaupal we display "Geo-enablement of indigenous communities" by displaying the geospatial data related to lives and livelihoods of tribal communities of in Jharkhand and West Bengal, illustrating resources available to them, their commodities (and thus the source of livelihood), and most importantly earth observation data of such locations. We discuss the interdependence and locational aspects of their social fabric. We focus on:
• The resources for handicraft items made by Sabar communities of Bara Bazar and Bandwan CD Blocks of Purulia District, especially focusing on the availability of Babuii Ghas (Sabai grass/Eulaliopsis Binata) and Kashi grass(Saccharum spontaneum)
• Locations of Indigenous medicinal plants related to ethnomedicinal practices among Santhal and Birhor communities of Balarampur and Bagmundi block of Purulia district in the context of the demand and use of such plants.
• Regional availability of palm leaf for making traditional mats made by Santhal communities of Santhal Pargana, especially in context of growing demand of such mats
• The demand for local bamboo for Bamboo craft utilities made by Mohli tribes that live around Santhal communities.
STI Hub SKBU,, Purulia
Faculty SKMU,, Dumka
Faculty and Santhal Community member